The IDP and Returnee Master List provides data on the number of IDPs and returnees at the governorate, district, subdistrict and location levels, their shelter type, the period of displacement, areas of origin for IDPs and areas of last displacement for returnees. IOM’s RARTs continuously collect data through interviews with key informants and report it every two months. Additional information is gathered from government registration data and partner agencies. The Master List presents data on the number of individuals and households: the number of individuals is calculated by multiplying the number of households by six, the average size of an Iraqi household, or by five for in-camp households.
Data in this dashboard represents population figures collected at location level over time. Each data point (month) represents the number of individuals displaced at that moment in time. You can find more details in the IDPs dataset
Data in this dashboard represents population figures collected at location level over time. Each data point (month) represents the number of individuals displaced at that moment in time. You can find more details in the Returnee dataset
The International Organization for Migration’s (IOM) Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM)
monitors displacement and provides information on internally displaced persons (IDPs) and
returnees in Iraq. Data collection of IDP figures began in December 2013 and collection of
returnee figures began in April 2015 (although returnee figures have been retroactively
reported since October 2014). The Master List is carried out at the location level
(including camps, sites, villages and neighbourhoods) with the IDP or/and returnee
population(s). It collects data on IDPs in around 3,000 locations across 105 districts
in 18 governorates and data on returnees in around 2,000 locations across 38 districts
in 8 governorates.
Data are collected through IOM’s Rapid Assessment and Response Teams (RARTs), composed of 73 staff members deployed across Iraq (20% of enumerators are female). IOM’s RARTs collect data through interviews with key informants utilizing a large, well-established network of over 9,500 key informants that includes community leaders, mukhtars, local authorities and security forces. Additional information is gathered from government registration data and partner agencies.
IOM RARTs collect Master List data continuously and report it every four months. However, limited access due to security issues and other operational constraints can affect information-gathering activities. The variation in displacement figures observed between different reporting periods, in addition to true variation of the population figures, may be influenced by other factors such as the continuous identification of previously displaced groups and the inclusion of data on secondary displacements within Iraq.
The displaced populations are identified through a process of collection, verification, triangulation and validation of data. IOM continues to closely coordinate with federal, regional and local authorities to maintain a shared and accurate understanding of displacement across Iraq.
The rate of change of the IDP caseload and that of the returnee caseload may differ due to several factors.
Firstly, DTM continues to record families who are displaced for the first time, families arriving from other
locations of displacement (secondary displacement) and families who become displaced after returning (failed returns).
Additionally, because DTM counts IDPs and returnees at the family level, marriage and other changes within the family
can influence the size of the caseload. Furthermore, some families may be counted in both caseloads if: a) part of the
family remains displaced while others have returned or b) families may move back and forth between their area of
displacement and return. Finally, IDPs living in inaccessible areas may not be counted due to security concerns;
upon their return, however, they may be included in the returnee caseload.
Beginning in Round 129, the Master List is produced on a tri-annual basis. Previous reports were published on a quarterly basis. Additionally, since January 2021, three reports (120, 121 and 123) covered a two-month period. The changing length of the reporting period may impact comparison between rounds.
Since Round 122, DTM made changes to the shelter terminology to align with the Iraq CCCM Cluster Technical Note on Informal Sites Definition for Iraq (September 2020). New shelter definitions can be found below.
The number of individuals is calculated by multiplying the number of households by six, the average size of an Iraqi household as per governmental statistics, for all out-of-camp IDPs and returnees. Since the July-August 2020 period (Round 117), the number of individuals for in-camp IDPs has been calculated by multiplying the number of households by five, which is the average camp household size according to the Iraq CCCM Cluster since 2018.
For returnees, critical shelters include the following shelter types: residences of origin (uninhabitable), tents/caravans/makeshift shelters/mud or brick houses,
unfinished/abandoned buildings, public buildings or collective shelters, religious buildings or school buildings.
For IDPs, critical shelters include those listed above for returnees except residences of origin, as well as apartments/houses that are not owned or are uninhabitable.
|Failed return||Individuals arriving from their area of origin after a failed attempt at return.|
|Internally displaced persons (IDPs)||For the purposes of the DTM assessments, all Iraqi nationals who were forced to flee from 1 January 2014 onwards and are still displaced within national borders at the moment of the assessment.|
|Location||An area that corresponds either to a village for rural areas or a neighbourhood for urban areas (i.e. fourth official administrative division).|
|Location of no return||A location that recorded displacement during or since the 2014-2017 conflict with ISIL but has either not recorded any returns or have subsequently recorded that all returnees have redisplaced.|
|Private settings||For returnees and IDPs, includes hotels/motels, houses of host families or apartments/houses that are not owned. For IDPs, it also includes their own property.|
|Protracted displacement||Displacement that has lasted for longer than three years.|
|Rate of return||Used to estimate the proportion of returns in a district of origin and computed as the ratio of returnees to a district to the total number of returnees and IDPs originally from the same district.|
|Residence of origin||For returnees only, refers to their residence prior to displacement.|
For the purposes of DTM assessments, all those displaced since January 2014 who have returned to their location of origin,
irrespective of whether they have returned to their former residence or to another shelter type.
The definition of returnees is not related to the criteria of returning in safety and dignity, nor with a defined strategy for ensuring durable solutions.
|Secondary displacement||Individuals displaced more than one time and arriving from another location of displacement.|