Since July 2016, the Integrated Location Assessment (ILA) has been carried out once per year with the aim of gathering detailed information on displaced and returnee families and the conditions in which they are living. The assessment is conducted in locations which host five or more IDP and/or returnee households, as identified through the Master List. Since 2020, camp locations have been included in the ILA, and additionally a further assessment has been conducted in all identified informal sites. For more information how informal sites are defined, please refer to the CCCM Cluster Technical Guidance Note.
The reference unit of the assessment is the location, which is defined as an area that corresponds with either a village for rural areas or a neighbourhood for urban areas (i.e. fourth official administrative division). Information is collected at an aggregate level on the majority of IDPs and returnees living in a given location, rather than on individual families. Location boundaries are determined on the basis of IOM’s Rapid Assessment and Response Teams’ (RARTs) and key informants’ knowledge and evaluation. The list of locations is harmonised and verified with authorities and the humanitarian community as much as possible. However, an official or countrywide accepted list of locations and their boundaries has not yet been endorsed.
Where access is possible, identified locations are visited and directly assessed by the RARTs, who complete a closed-ended questionnaire through multiple interviews with several key informants (including members of IDP and returnee communities) and through direct observation. After finishing key informant interviews, RARTs complete one form summarizing the information collected, and the data is then uploaded onto a server and stored as one assessment.
The ILA uses the following definitions: