Emergency Tracking provides data on the number of individuals displaced due to recently emerging crises. Where possible, Emergency Tracking also provides data on the demographics, areas of origin, and vulnerabilities of those displaced due to crises. It is activated on an ad hoc basis to gather, consolidate and disseminate baseline information through daily/weekly updates. Currently, DTM collects information about the number of individuals displaced due to the latest crisis in the Syrian Arab Republic and the drought crisis in Iraq.

Due to the drought crisis in Iraq, DTM launched an emergency tracking tool in mid-2018. The data is collected continuously and reported monthly. Data collection is carried out in locations identified as affected by water scarcity, where individuals have been forced to flee or to leave their homes as a result of, or in order to avoid the effects of the drought. DTM collects this data across eight governorates (Qadissiya, Najaf, Wassit, Kerbala, Missan, Muthanna, Thi-qar and Basra). The unit of analysis of this assessment is the location; data is collected on the number of individuals displaced due to the drought at the governorate, district and location level.

Data is collected through IOM’s Rapid Assessment and Response Teams (RARTs), composed of over 100 staff members deployed across Iraq (20% of enumerators are female). IOM’s RARTs collect data through interviews with key informants utilizing a large, well-established network of over 9,500 key informants that includes community leaders, mukhtars, local authorities and security forces.