As part of the DTM global initiative to enhance gender mainstreaming in its data management systems, IOM DTM Iraq deployed a site-level assessment called Safety Audit. Aligned with Inter Agency Standing Committee (IASC) Guidelines, the Safety Audit evaluates site-level gender-based violence (GBV) risks associated to site layout and infrastructure, security, women’s participation; and availability of protection services in informal settings in Iraq.

With support from the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (SIDA) and the US State Department, Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration (PRM), DTM Iraq has developed this geo-portal to increase use and access to Safety Audit to mainstream GBV risk mitigation within operational response.

The first Safety Audit was collected in February – April 2016; through lessons learned and cluster consultations, Safety Audit Round II deployed February – March 2017 in Baghdad, Diyala, Najaf, and Salah al Din in all informal settlements hosting five or more families. Safety Audit Round II data is collected through the RART’s direct observation and is validated through consultation with key informants during the site visits. The teams collect the data and photos of identified concerns through ODK form.

The sectorial indicators and GBV risk scoring system of the Safety Audit has been defined in consultation with relevant protection stakeholders, led by the GBV Sub-Cluster and Child Protection Sub-Cluster, and further validated with operational actors, including the Camp Coordination and Camp Management (CCCM), Shelter, and the Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene (WASH) Clusters in Iraq.

The overall GBV risk scoring system is determined through points allocated to each answer in the assessment. Higher points are assigned for high risk issues. The overall score of the site is a compilation of all these points: the higher the overall score, the higher the level of GBV risk in that site. Also the raw data of the Safety Audit offers scores allocated per sector. These are totals of the relevant indicators stressing sector needs by location.

The significance of the scores are broken into four categories paired with recommended response as indicated in the table below:

The Safety Audit II feeds into existing Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) between the DTM and the Protection Cluster, Gender Based Violence, and Child Protection Sub-Cluster. The SOPs map referral pathways and data sharing processes, levels of data sensitivity, data protection policies, and facilitate continuous collaboration to ensure capacity for protection-enhanced data collection and dissemination.

To access the questionnaire, please click here.

To download the Dashboard, please click here.

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The Safety Audit (SA) Round II coverage graph presents the distribution of sites across four governorates. This assessment covers all informal sites in Baghdad, Diyala, Salah al din, and Najaf hosting five or more families. From 1 February to 25 March 2017, the Safety Audit covered 941 sites in total.

The Safety Audit Coverage chart showing Assessed Sites series.

# of Assessed Sites 
# of IDP Families 
# of IDP Individuals 
# of Site with Very High Risk 
# of Sites with High Risk 
# of Sites with Medium Risk 
# of Sites with Lower Risk 
Salah al-Din3409,78258,6801041398116

In order to consult the dataset of all sites assessed, please click on Get Data. The Safety Audit dataset will appear and will be downloadable clicking on the green arrow.

Get Data
Drag a column header here to group by that column
Level GBV Risk Not filtered
GBV RISK SCORE DescendingNot filtered
Governorate Not filtered
District Not filtered
Subdistrict Not filtered
Location ID Not filtered
Location E Not filtered
Site E Not filtered
Site A Not filtered
Site Typology Not filtered
SSID Not filtered
Latitude Not filtered
Longitude Not filtered
IDP_Families Not filtered
Tent_Fam Num Not filtered
UnfinishedBuilding FamNum Not filtered
AbandonedBuilding FamNum Not filtered
ImprovisedShelter FamNum Not filtered
Prefab FamNum Not filtered
School FamNum Not filtered
ReligiousBuilding FamNum Not filtered
PrivateBuilding FamNum Not filtered
PublicBuilding FamNum Not filtered
MilitaryBuilding FamNum Not filtered
OpenAir FamNum Not filtered
OthersShelterType FamNum Not filtered
Other Shelter Type Not filtered
Anbar Not filtered
Babylon Not filtered
Baghdad Not filtered
Basrah Not filtered
Dahuk Not filtered
Diyala Not filtered
Erbil Not filtered
Kerbala Not filtered
Kirkuk Not filtered
Missan Not filtered
Muthanna Not filtered
Najaf Not filtered
Ninewa Not filtered
Qadissiya Not filtered
Salah Al Din Not filtered
Sulaymaniyah Not filtered
Thi Qar Not filtered
Wassit Not filtered
Wave1 Not filtered
Wave2 Not filtered
Wave3 Not filtered
Wave4 Not filtered
Wave5 Not filtered
Wave6 Not filtered
Wave7 Not filtered
Dwelling Number Not filtered
Non Related Families Live Together Not filtered
How People Seperated Not filtered
Partitioning Material Not filtered
Dwellings Have Doors Not filtered
Dwellings Have Interlocks Not filtered
Avg Num Ppl Per Dewlling Not filtered
Est Dwelling Size Not filtered
Electric Wiring Not filtered
Electricity Hours Number Not filtered
Flashlights Number Not filtered
Lighting In Communal Areas Not filtered
Lighting In Communal Areas Adequate Not filtered
Separate Latrines Available Not filtered
Laterines Have Solid Doors Not filtered
Latrines Have Internallocks Not filtered
Lights Arnd Latrines Not filtered
Lights Arnd Latrine Adequate Not filtered
Latrines Accessible For Disabled Not filtered
Separate Showers Availabe Not filtered
Showers Have Solid Doors Not filtered
Showers Have Internal Lock Not filtered
Lights Arnd Showers Not filtered
Lights Arnd Showers Adequate Not filtered
Showers Accessible For Disabled Not filtered
Water Points Not filtered
Water Points Location Not filtered
Distance To Water Points Not filtered
Lights Arnd Water Points Not filtered
Lights Arnd Water Point Adequate Not filtered
Site Committee Not filtered
Site Committee Num Not filtered
Site Women Committtee Num Not filtered
Security Incidents Reported Not filtered
Any additional threat in or near the site Not filtered
C Threat found within the site Not filtered
Threat found near the site Not filtered
Threatening behaviors observerd Not filtered
Security Patrolling Not filtered
Security Patrolling Outside the settlement Not filtered
SecurityPatrollingBy the entrance of the settlement Not filtered
Security PatrollingInside the settlement Not filtered
Security Patrolling Near the latrines and showers Not filtered
Security Patrolling Near the water points Not filtered
UnsafetoUserLatrines Females Not filtered
Unsafeto Use Latrines_Males Not filtered
UnsafetoUserShowers Females Not filtered
UnsafetoUseShowers Males Not filtered
UnsafeArndWtrPnt Females Not filtered
UnsafeArndWtrPnt Males Not filtered
UnsafeAtDistbnPnts Females Not filtered
UnsafeAtDistbnPnts Males Not filtered
OtherLocationsUnsafe Females Not filtered
OtherLocationsUnsafe Males Not filtered
DescribeOtherLocationsUnsafe Females Not filtered
DescribeOtherLocationsUnsafe Males Not filtered
Distance To Closest Hostpital Not filtered
Services Emotional support from peers and family members Not filtered
Services Community Centers for women with social case workers or counselors Not filtered
Services Health services from medical professionals mental health services Not filtered
Services Legal services court lawyers Not filtered
Services Clinic or hospital for reproductive health services Not filtered
Services Community Centers for children social workers counselors Not filtered
Services Registration facilities ie for Unaccompanied and separated children Not filtered
Services Education facilities Not filtered
Services Registration for single widowed or women not accompanied by a male Not filtered
Services Women safe house safe shelter Not filtered
Services Registration for new born children Not filtered
Services Police report and investigation Not filtered
Services Access to rehabilitation services for physically disabled Not filtered
Services Others Not filtered
Services None Not filtered
Additional Observation Not filtered
Lighting Wiring Score Not filtered
Saftey Score Not filtered
Services Score Not filtered
Shelter Score Not filtered
Vulnerabilities Score Not filtered
Wash Score Not filtered
Assessment ID Not filtered
Interview Date Not filtered
No data to display

Identification of Protection Concerns for the IDPs and Returnees in Iraq

In keeping with humanitarian principles, Sphere standards, the centrality of protection, and the Inter-Agency Standing Committee (IASC) Gender-Based Violence (GBV) Guidelines and the Minimum Standards for Child Protection, IOM is committed to ensuring that the particular needs of all migrant women, girls, men and boys, are identified and addressed by mainstreaming GBV prevention and risk mitigation measures.

As stated in these instruments, protection of all persons affected and at risk must inform humanitarian decision-making and response, which entails identifying risks, and how and why these risks affect displaced populations, at the very outset of a crisis and thereafter, taking into account the specific vulnerabilities that underlie these risks, including those experienced by men, women, girls and boys.

As part of a global initiative supported by several donors, IOM has enhanced the type of data collected by the DTM to include protection indicators in order to provide a more holistic picture of displacement and its consequences on the affected population. DTM Iraq, with support from SIDA and PRM, has engaged with protection actors to redesign data collection tools to include specific indicators informing GBV and protection risks, in particular, in relation to site layout and infrastructure, security, priority legal needs, protection issues, child protection concerns, women’s knowledge about the availability of GBV services in camps and camp-like settings and their active participation in the provision of such services.

By incorporating these indicators, the DTM tools allow for the identification of protection issues, thereby ensuring that humanitarian actors are well informed of the vulnerabilities and most pressing protection needs of the displaced populations in Iraq.

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