Location Assessment provides an in-depth look into the situation of displaced and returning populations in Iraq, putting a special focus on profiling the locations in which these groups live. This includes the demographic composition of locations, state of infrastructure, services, security, social cohesion and movement intentions for IDPs. IOM’s Rapid Assessment and Response Teams (RARTs) collect data through interviews with key informants once a year, with the latest round being conducted from 1 May to 30 June 2019 (ILA Round IV).

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ILA Datasets

ILA 4 Dataset
Jun 2019

The data for the Location Assessment is collected once a year since July 2016. It is carried out in out of camp locations – identified through the Master List – which host at least five or more IDP and/or returnee households.

The unit of analysis for this assessment is the location, defined as an area that corresponds either to a sub-district (i.e. fourth official administrative division), a village for rural areas or a neighbourhood for urban areas (i.e. fifth official administrative division). Information is collected at an aggregate level on the majority of IDPs and returnees living in a given location, rather than on individual families. Location boundaries are determined on the basis of key informants’ and RARTs’ knowledge and evaluation. The list of locations is harmonized and verified with authorities and the humanitarian community as much as possible. However, an official or countrywide accepted list of locations and their boundaries has not yet been endorsed.

Where access is possible, identified locations are visited and directly assessed by the RARTs, who complete a close-ended questionnaire with information collected through multiple interviews with several key informants (including members of IDP and returnee communities) and through direct observation. After finishing key informant interviews, RARTs complete one form summarizing the information collected, and the data is then uploaded onto the server and stored as one assessment.

The Location Assessment uses the following definitions:

  • The number of individuals is calculated by multiplying the number of households by six, the average size of an Iraqi household.
  • The DTM considers as Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) all Iraqis who were forced to flee from 1 January 2014 onwards and are still displaced within national borders at the moment of the assessment.
  • The DTM considers as returnees all those displaced since January 2014 who have returned to their location of origin, irrespective of whether they have returned to their former residence or to another shelter type. The definition of returnees is not related to the criteria of returning in safety and dignity, nor with a defined strategy for ensuring durable solutions.
  • The rate of change is the percentage decrease or increase in the numbers of IDPs settled within an area between the previous and current round.
  • The rate of return is the proportion of returnees originally from an area to the sum of returnees and IDPs originally from the same area.