Location Assessment provides an in-depth look into the situation of displaced and returning populations in Iraq, putting a special focus on profiling the locations in which these groups live. This includes the demographic composition of locations, state of infrastructure, services, security, social cohesion and movement intentions for IDPs. IOM’s Rapid Assessment and Response Teams (RARTs) collect data through interviews with key informants once a year, with the latest round being conducted from 1 May to 30 June 2019 (ILA Round IV).
The data for the Location Assessment is collected once a year since July 2016. It is carried out in out of camp locations – identified through the Master List – which host at least five or more IDP and/or returnee households.
The unit of analysis for this assessment is the location, defined as an area that corresponds either to a sub-district (i.e. fourth official administrative division), a village for rural areas or a neighbourhood for urban areas (i.e. fifth official administrative division). Information is collected at an aggregate level on the majority of IDPs and returnees living in a given location, rather than on individual families. Location boundaries are determined on the basis of key informants’ and RARTs’ knowledge and evaluation. The list of locations is harmonized and verified with authorities and the humanitarian community as much as possible. However, an official or countrywide accepted list of locations and their boundaries has not yet been endorsed.
Where access is possible, identified locations are visited and directly assessed by the RARTs, who complete a close-ended questionnaire with information collected through multiple interviews with several key informants (including members of IDP and returnee communities) and through direct observation. After finishing key informant interviews, RARTs complete one form summarizing the information collected, and the data is then uploaded onto the server and stored as one assessment.
The Location Assessment uses the following definitions: